1436 Dugal Cristini Laurencii, Kilmichael, Glassary parish

Loch Ederline Kilmichael, Glassary

Dugal Cristini Laurencii (Dubhghall mac Ghille-Chrìost mhic Labhruinn), other forms of Dugal’s middle name are: M’Mhaoil-domhnaich, mac Ghille-Chríost and M’Olchallum, meaning servant or slave of Christ.

At Kilmichael, Glassary, Dugal Cristini mhicLabhruinn, a native Gaidhlig speaker is recorded as a rector, appointed by the non Gaidhlig speaking George Lauder (1427-1473), bishop of Argyll, who had King James I as his patron, which made him a rival of Clan Campbell’s secular interests.

Dubhgall’s appointment was opposed by the lay patron Alasdair MacDonald, Lord of the Isles who ‘actually’ had control of Argyll as opposed the King James I. Dubhgall was a Gael, instead of a lowlander who were now being placed in Argyll parishes. Dubhgall was initially assigned to St. Kenan parish in Kintyre then illegally exchanged it for Kilmichael parish in Glassary were after only two years he resigned.

“At the March parliament of 1430, with the king [James 1st] finally confident he had secured the acquiescence of Clann Chaimbeul, royal strategies shifted onto the mainland territories of the lordship of the Isles. The beginning of the assault upon Clann Dòmhnaill through the Church was marked by the submission of Aonghas mac Dhòmhnaill of the Isles [“Angus Donald de Insulis”], bishop of Sodor, who resigned his authority over Iona Abbey to the bishop of Dunkeld. George Lauder was present at the Perth parliament, and from the surviving papal petitions to Rome we can deduce that almost all the Episcopal appointments of his own candidates to benefices in defiance of the rights of MacDòmhnaill patronage postdate the year 1430. Altogether we find the bishop successfully interfering in the provision of priests to at least four benefices in Knapdale and Kintyre during the late 1420s and early 1430s.

At least three of these churches lay in the recognized patronage of the Lord of the Isles, but only one priest, John Arous, vicar of Kilcalmonell in Knapdale, was the subject of a complaint concerning the language used by the incumbent. Two of the other three cases in the early 1430s appear to have involved the collations of Gaels; “Dougal Cristini Laurencii”, and “Maurice Dugald MacNeil”     were collated by bishop Lauder to the rectory of Kilmichael and the prebend of Kilcolmkill in Kintyre respectively, on both occasions against the wishes of the lay patron, Alasdair, Lord of the Isles. Their appointment counterpoises the presence of Lowlanders at Glenorchy and Lochgoilhead in 1441, and suggests that the bishop’s recruitment policies were not principally motivated by antipathy towards Gaelic clergy, but were a means of reasserting the primacy of the clergy’s loyalty to their bishop rather than their local lord or clan chief.” MacDonald, Iain. The Northern World: Clerics and Clansmen: The Diocese of Argyll between the Twelfth and Sixteenth Centuries (1). Leiden, NL: Brill, 2013. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 28 June 2016.

Dugal Cristini Laurencii × 1436 Occ. as rector of “St Kenan” in Kintyre on 26 June 1436 when petitioned for papal absolution, having been collated by ordination and formerly held possession before illegally residing for exchange with rector of Kilmichael ( CSSR , iv, no. 307).

Dubhghall mac Ghille-Chrìost mhic Labhruinn never held peaceable possession during his two years as rector of Kilmichael. By 21 July 1436 he had resigned the benefice in the Curia . Appendix A, nos. 111, 113, 229. 105 CSSR , iv, 312; CPL , viii, 596; Reg. Suppl ., 1015, fol. 155v.

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