Monday, May 11, 2020

The Clans of Balquhidder

The Clan Gregor is associated with Balquhidder in most people’s minds as Rob Roy lived there and is buried in the kirkyard. The Clan MacLaren or MacLaurin is also associated with Balquhidder but neither clan has their origins in the Glen. The Stewarts in Balquhidder descend from a son of the 15th century Duke of Albany. Fergusons and Macintyres also lived in the glen. "Peter Lawrie"

For an excellent article on the clans of Balquhidder follow the Link below.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

McLerans are they McLaurins and McLarens, preliminary notes

The MacLerans

Are they the same as McLarens and McLaurins, the surnames interchangeable in Scotland and America is often the case, as shown below.

“The word learan is not in any dictionary. What could it mean? The answer is pretty simple: ‘shipwrecked mariner’, ‘human flotsam’. Lear is a common poetic word for the sea. Shakespeare picked it up as ‘King
Lear’, the sea-god Manannan being Manannan mac Lir ‘Manannan son of Lear’, that is, ‘the son of the Sea’.“

“The evidence from the north points to an eponymous Leadharan or Leadhran who may or may not have been a saint. Given Moss’s information, a derivation from some word or name connected with ‘leather, hide’ would be highly appealing. Gaelic leathar would not supply it, but its Welsh/?Pictish and Norse cognates lledr and leðr would.10 Moss said that MacLerans had migrated from an original homeland in upper Glengarry to Rannoch, the Aird (of Lovat) and Lewis; Matheson found them in Lewis, Glengarry,
Tiree, Knapdale and Kintyre, and was able to establish a connection between those of Lewis and Glengarry. It seems likely, then, that those of Tiree, Knapdale and Kintyre were MacLerans of a different kind from those of the north. “ Ronnie Black, “The MacLerans”, published in the West Highland Notes & Queries, Series 3, Number 18, Jan 2012 pages 3–17.

John MacLaurin Lord Dreghorn’s 1781 Matriculation of chiefly arms, gives his kindreds origin as Tiree, where in 1541 we find McCleruns living at Cornekmoir/Cornaigmore. Notice the index has them as M’Laren in this 1878 publication of “Rotuli scaccarii regum Scotorum“, The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Vol. 17.




I have not found a better description of the McLerrans/McLaurins or McLarens than the following by Rev. William Matheson in 1986..

“In N&Q ser. 1, no. 28, March 1986, 15–16, Alastair Campbell of Airds told a story about how some MacLeans at Southend in Kintyre added an ‘r’ to their name to conceal their identity. This produced a magisterial response on the MacLerans by the late Rev. William Matheson (ser. 1, no. 29, August 1986, 21–26). Mr Matheson modestly omitted reference to one his own books, in which he had spoken of Fionnlagh Mac Gille Eadharain, ‘chieftain of the clan of that name’, in North Galson, Ness, Lewis, c. 1600.1 In his article he judiciously turned his words ‘chieftain of the clan of that name’ into ‘the head of the tribe’ and ‘tacksman of Galson’, and went out of his way to portray the MacLerans as belonging to a large sub-aristocratic social class which does not figure on clan maps and which is ‘dispersed all over the land from north to south and east to west, bearing their own ancient surnames’. “ Ronnie Black, “The MacLerans”, published in the West Highland Notes & Queries, Series 3, Number 18, Jan 2012 pages 3–17.

In this passage we find McLerans in Cameron country. We know from marriages and the Testament of Dr. Lauchlin McLaurin that McLaurins, Locheil, Auchnaba and Fassfern Camerons were closely tied. Loch Arkaig is about 40 miles due north of Duror and Appin where many McLearens/McLaurins lived.

“I can point to various sources which use the latter formation. One is George Moss, a native of Strathglass, writing about the MacLerans in 1965.
Is e fuaim “MacLèran” a bha againn an Siorrachd Inbhir-Nis, an coitchinne, aig dùthchasaich a labhair gu nàdurra . . . Faodar bith . . . gu robh am fuaim sin “MacLèran” againne, a’ riochdachadh an ainme “Mac Leadhrain” . . . Bha Clann Leadhair (Leadhra, Leadhrain) mu na gleannain bheaga uaigneach eadar Loch Airceig agus ceann siar Glinne Garadh. Meirlich chruidh a bu deach an Albainn; cliù àrd e sin agus Clann
Mhaoilein is Clann a Phì a bhith ann. B’i fo-fhine bha annta gun fearann aca féin a bu leò féin. Le bha iad ’nan còmhnaidh mu na crìochan a bha fo dheasbud eadar Mac Dhomhnaill Duibh, triath nan Camaronach, agus Mac Mhic Alasdair, triath nan Domhnallach á Gleann Garadh, theirte gu robh iad ’nan Camaronaich nuair a ruigeadh maor Mhic Mhic Alasdair orra, is e ag iarraidh na càna bu dìr do uachdaran; ach gu robh iad ’nan Domhnallaich dar a chaidh maor Mhic Dhomhnaill Duibh ’gan
ruigsinn. B’e “Domhnallach” a bha air gach gin aca a shìob gu cearnan eile – Raineach, Bràigh na h-Aird, Leódhus, e.c.7

(“Our usual pronunciation in Inverness-shire, that of natives speaking naturally, was ‘MacLèran’, that is, ‘MacLeran’ with long ‘e’ . . . It may be . . . that it reflected the name Mac Leadhrain . . . Clann Leadhair
(Leadhra, Leadhrain) were scattered around the remote little glens between Loch Arkaig and the western end of Glen Garry. The worst cattle thieves in Scotland; quite a reputation, given the presence of MacMillans and MacPhees. They were a sept with no land of their own. Living as they did in the disputed frontier lands between Lochiel’s and Glengarry’s, they claimed to be Camerons when Glengarry’s groundofficer reached them in pursuit of the tribute due to a landlord, but to be MacDonalds when Lochiel’s ground-officer arrived. ‘MacDonald’ was the name used by all of them who drifted off to other districts – Rannoch, the braes of the Aird, Lewis, etc.”)” Ronnie Black, “The MacLerans”, published in the West Highland Notes & Queries, Series 3, Number 18, Jan 2012 pages 3–17.

The name Laurence appears in the Clann Mhic Leadhrainn section of MS: 1467. (http://www.1467manuscript.co.uk/) Ronnie and Mairi Black provide the following transcription from the manuscript. I added the far right column with known contemporaneous MacLaurins.

TIMETABLE

MS: 1467 Leadhrainn/MacLeran/MacLerran AD Labhrainn/MacLaurin/MacLaren

Mhic ìle (Lords of the Sea) 950
Mhic mainne (common Gaelic name) 980
Mhic baltair (Walter, Norse and Norman) 1010
Mhic tormoid (Norse) 1040
Mhic lamrainn .g. (Laurence) 1070
Mhic eoghain  (John) 1100
Mhic tormoid (Norse) 1130
Mhic murchaidh (Murdoch) 1160
Mhic conbethad (Hound of Life, uncommon) 1190
Mhic tormoid (Norse) 1220
Mhic mainne/magnuis (common Gaelic name) 1250 Bishop Laurence de Ergadia (Argyll), Lismore
Mhic arailt (Harold) 1280
Mhic eogainn (John) 1310
Mhic gillapadraige barra (Patrick, Barr) 1340 Vicar Laurencius, Kilmartin, Glassary 1355
mac cormaig (common name) 1370
gillapadraic (Patrick) 1400
1420 Vicar Labhrainn, Kilbodan, Ardchattan 1420
1436 Vicar Dubhghall macGhille-Chrìost Mhic Labhruinn, Kilmichael, near Kilmartin, not the one in Kintyre
1446-1497 Dougall MacLaurin, Ardveich, Appin
1455 - Coule V’Lauran

"As you see, this places Laurence of the MacLeran pedigree at c. 1070. He probably knew King Macbeth personally." (Ronald Black, 2016) 

John and Patrick are common 16th century MacLaurin names. The name Walter is found in the 1559 ClanLawren Bond to Campbell of Glenurchy.

There are three possible locations for Barra, the most likely for Mhic gillapadraige circa 1340, is Barrs on the north shore of Loch Etive, two miles north of Cadderlie, where MacLaurins are known to have lived. This was also the home of Dugald Campbell of Bairres, who was Cautioneer for John McLaurin in Coire Bliochdaig’s Testament in 1694. There is a Barr, Morvern northwest of Lismore and a Barr, west Kintyre home of the MacAlister Clan, the territory of Lorn lies between the two.

After 40 years of MacLaurin family history research, I can confidentially say that each and every MacLaren or McLaurin has at one time or another had his or her historical name spelled MacLeran/McLerran or another variant. Or the reverse is also true, there were McLerrans who changed the spelling to McLaurin in the 1840's, Carolinas of the US. I am 50/50 that this is actually a MacLaurin of Lorn genealogy, and that Dubhghall Albanach mac Mhic Cathail the scribe, spelled the surname the way it sounded to his ear.

The MacSorleys are in MS:1467 Just like the they are in the 1509 Appin Decress

Acharr, Appin
Abroad John Mclarine and Donald Mclarine. List of Heretors Tennants Servants and Cottars that are at home and of those that are abroad in the Present Rebellion out of the Country of Appine and Glencoe Those at home in the Ten pound land of Airds only excepted. 3 May 1746

In 1755 a Letter of Complaint signed at Duror by Donald McLearin of Acharr a Culloden survivor. Extracts from “Journal of the MacColl Society” or “Cuairtear Chloinn Cholla” July & August 1969

In 1775 these men emigrated to North Carolina from Acharr Larran McLarran,Duncan McLarran and Daniel/Donald McLarran Jupiter of Lorne

Barcaldine



In 1797 Neil McLeran at Acharr, Appin paid a horse tax.

Richmond Co. NC
1792 - 1793 RICHMOND COUNTY SHERIFF’S TAX BOOK
Hugh McLearan X-046 Near the others in 1790 Census

War of 1812
Ninth Company, detached from Anson Co. Regiment 
Daniel McLeran - Daniel McLaurin (L-aad)
Neil McLeran - Neil McLaurin (L-aab) was granted 250 acres on the n. Side of Mill Creek beginning at a pine in 1810

Glenure
Between 1747 and 1772 Colin McLeran served Robert Campbell of Glenure later of Barcaldine. In 1746 Euan Bane McLearan servant to Duncan Canpbell Barcaldine’s Brother, Duncan McLearan his other servant, John McLearan Brother to Duncan, an idle man

Breadalbane
In 1703 Duncan Toshach of Monzievaird sends a letter to Breadalbane containg the Glenlednock Bonds and telling the recepient may dismiss Duncan McLeran if he pleases, but they had all better all come down to Taymouth (?).

McLerans, McLerrans that became McLaurins by 1830

McLerran 1739, Bladen Co NC, John McLerran (J)
Mclarine 3 May 1746 Dougal Stewarts Saltoun 'List of Heretors Tennants Servants and Cottars" Appin
SAME PEOPLE
McLearan 6 July 1746 Campbell of Stonefield 'List of persons within the parish of Lismore and Appin"

McLerran 1790 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
Hugh McLerran, Jr (G) G kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLerran Jr (B-bd) B kin-group Richmond Co.
John McLerran, Sr (J-bc) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
John McLerran, Jr (J-bca) J kin-group Cumberland Co.

McLerran 1793 - 1800 Richmond County Deeds of above Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants

McLeran 1800 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of McLaurin above Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
Hugh McLaurin, Jr (G) G kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLarrin (B-bd) B kin-group Richmond Co.
John McLeran (J-bca) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
John McLaurin (B-bc) B kin-group Marlboro Co.
Duncan McLeran (J-bcb) J kin-group Cumberland Co.

McLerran 1810 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of McLaurin above Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
McLeran Hugh McLaurin(G) G kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLaurin, Major (B-bd) B kin-group Richmond Co.
John McLerran (J-bca) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
John McLeran (B-bc) B kin-group Marlboro Co.
Duncan McLerran (J-bcb) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Daniel McLerran (J-bcc) J kin-group Cumberland Co.

McLerran 1820 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of McLauren above Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
McLaurin Angus McLauren (G-d) G kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLauren (B-bd) B kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLeran (J-bcb) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
John McLerran (J-bca) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Lauchlin McLaurin (B-bb) B kin-group Marlboro Co.

McLaurin 1830 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of  McLaren Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
Angus McLaurin (G-d) G kin-group Richmond Co.
Duncan McLaurin (B-bd) B kin-group Richmond Co.
John McLaurin (J-bcad) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Duncan McLaurin (J-bcb) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Neil McLaurin (J-bc-) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Hugh C. McLaurin (B-bbb) B kin-group Marlboro Co.
Duncan McLaren (L-aag) Anson Co. NC
Daniel McLaren (L-aad) Anson Co. NC

McClarin 1837 John McClarin (L-aac) Kemper Co. MS

McLaurin 1840 US Census, Richmond County North Carolina of
McLeran above Appin 1746 emigrants and descendants
Angus McLaurin (G-d) G kin-group Richmond Co.
John McLeran (J-bcad) J kin-group Cumberland Co.
Hugh C. McLaurin (B-bbb) B kin-group Marlboro Co.
John McLaurin (L-aac) Kemper Co. MS
Duncan McLaurin (L-aag) Anson Co. NC