Sunday, May 8, 2022

McLaurins’ on Jupiter of Larne 1775

The voyage could be very treacherous with gale force winds sinking ships. 

Duncan McLaurin “Duncan McJohn” (D-d), left money with his brother John McLaurin (D-e) in Glendroum to care for a child that Duncan left behind when he emigrated in 1775 on Jupiter of Larne with three of his nephews Donald (D-bb), Lauchlin (D-bd), and Lawrin (D-be). A bill among the Neil McLaurin of Inveresregan Papers (NRS GD170/481) dated September 1779 stated John McLaurininGlendroum had died. CAT pg. 429.

On Goggle maps it appears that you can drive to Druimavuic and perhaps to the southern head of Coire Bliochdaig.

Glendroum in my best guess is the small glen leading northeast from Glasdrum, with long time McColl portioners who also emigrated on the “Jupiter of Larne” in 1775, the John McColl family, who settled in Mountain Creek, North Carolina. By the mid 1770s the McColls had lost their portion altogether. This hints that the four McLaurin men are also from Glasdrum.

Coire Bliochdaig is a long narrow ravine at the north west base of Beinn Squilaird, another McLaurin tack associated with Druimavuic, these two Ardchattan Parish properties are combined on the 1802 tax rolls, with Colin Campbell of Balliveolan the owner. One Campbell or another had owned the two properties in Ardchattan Parish since 1470, when they were among the properties resigned by Walter Stewart of Lorn.

From evidence in the Testament of John McLaurine at Coire Bliochdaig dated 1725, there appears to be a debt due John from a long deceased Sir Robert Campbell of Orchy (1575-1657).  This is a “Wadset”, a loan from one of John’s ancestors to Sir Robert Campbell or one of his ancestors, in exchange for the long term tenancy of  Druimavuic and Coire Bliochdaig, until the loan is repaid sometimes generations later. Perhaps a Campbell repaid the Wadset to the McLaurins, replaced them with sheep then left for America with money in their pocket.

Of interest would be researching the rentals of Druimavuic and Coire Bliochdaig in the Argyll Papers at Inveraray Castle.

#128* Duncan “McJohn” McLaurin (D-d), served as a Richmond Co. North Carolina Tory in the Revolutionary War, just like his cousin Euan McLaurin in Orangeburg Co. South Carolina. He died at the age of 92 in Conecuh Co. Alabama.

Edinburgh Evening Courant

#127* Daniel McLaurin (D-bb), later shipped out of Portland, Maine and was drowned at sea.

#126* Lawrin McLaurin (D-be), appears in the 1810 and 1820 South Carolina census.

#125* Lachlan “Lock” McLaurin (D-bd), appears in the 1790 and 1800 North Carolina census.

*Passenger List Jupiter of Larne from Dunstaffnage Castle to Wilmington, North Carolina, 177

Glasdrum - grey ridge

Druimavuic - ridge of the bucks, pigs

Coire Bliochdaig - A hollow where cows were wont to be milked


A1 ____________ McLaurin B about 1590, Corrieblicaik, Invercreran, Appin

A1a Donald McLaurin B ____ D Nov 1686, TST 1686, Corrieblicaik, Glen Creran, Donald’s testament lists his armour, Balliboydan/Kilbodan Parish, Hew McLaurin (Ec) in Drumurch, Loch Awe Cautioner (Executor), Ardchattan Parish Nov. 12 1686

A1aa Mary McLaurin B ____ D _____ Daughter in A1a TST 1686, Coire Bliochdaig, Invercreran, Balliboydan/Kilbodan Parish

A1b Neil McLaurin B ____ D TST 1686, Corrieblicaik, Glen Creran,

A2 Donald/Daniel McLaurin B about 1600

Aa John McClaurin B about 1630 D Nov 1687, TST 1694, G.G. McL, Corrieblicaik Coire Bliochdaig, Invercreran, Balleodan Parish, m. _____, John Cameron in Auchnaba, Benderloch, Loch Etive owed him money, Dugald Campbell in Bairres, obleidges me as Cautioner,.

Aaa Neil McClaurin B about 1653 D _____ Son in A2a TST 1694

Aab John McLaurine TST 1725, Son in Aa TST1694, “Scottish Highlanders on the Eve of the Great Migration” by David Dobson B_____ D 21, July 1725, M. _____ Cameron, Corrieblicaik, Glencrenan, The deceased Sir Robert Campbell of Orchy (1575-1657) owed John money (a Wadset), Alexander Stewart younger of Invernayhle Cautioneer (a relative?).

Aaba/B Lauchlan McLaurin in Aab T1725, Journal of the MacColl Society July & August 1969) B ______ D ____Tenant Blar-nan-laogh, 1715 Rentals, Tenant Blar-nan-laogh, Glean na h-lola 1746 he is old, SAL & STN show he stayed at home 1745/6.

Lauchlan is living at Blar-nan-laogh, Glean na h-lola, owned by Stewart of Appin, in 1715 and 1745/46 where he is an old man. Both his father and grandfather lived at Druimavuic/Coire Bliochdaig.

Ba Duncan McLaurin B Feb 12, 1724 D Jan. 27, 1809 Duncan @ Invernahyle Estate 1746, wounded at Culloden Q 21, page 13, Appin to Richmond Co., int. Stewartsville Cy, NC

Bb (dates are a mess) Donald/Daniel McLaurin B 1750 Appin, not Skye thats an error, D 18__ M ____ MacColl, M Mary Stewart

Bc Hugh McLaurin of Glenahyle, B 1726 D 18__, M Anne McLeran

Bd NEW John Bane McLaurin B abt. 1725 D 18__ Lauchlan’s servant STN, Lauchlan’s son SAL

Be Mary McLaurin B abt. 1757 D<1785 M Daniel Stewart 1812 Eleventh Co, Robeson Regt.

Sa Dugald Stewart b. 1781

Sb Nancy Ann Stewart M Hugh Laa

Sc Jennett Stewart M Daniel Ban

Aabb Donald McLaurin B ____ D ____ Tenant Blar-nan-laogh, 1715 Rental (Journal of the MacColl Society July & August 1969)

Aabc Duncan McLaurin Glenure Culloden STN B ____  D _____

Aabd / D John McLaurin D. 1746 “John of Culloden”

Da Neil McLaurin b. 1723 Wounded at Culloden (not in STN or SAL)

Db  Donald/Daniel McLaurin of Islay probably Invernayhle, B 1731/5 D 1809, i Stewartsville Cy. M Margaret McLaurin Eaad

Dba Piper Hugh McLaurin B 1760

Dbb Donald/Daniel McLaurin B 1763, 1775 “Jupiter of Larne” drowned at sea later.

Dbc Big John emigrated in 1783

Dbd Lauchlan McLaurin B 1750 1775 “Jupiter of Larne”

Dbe Laurine McLaurin B 1755 1775 “Jupiter of Larne”

Dc Hugh McLaurin B ____ D young

Dd  Duncan “McJohn” McLaurin B 1745 D June 1833, Sept. 1775 “Jupiter of Larne”, Wounded Revolutionary War, L Richmond Co NC - Alabama, M 1 _____ McPhater N.C., M 2 Catherine McLaurin F-bd B 1754 Glasgow D1841 MS. 

NEW! De John McLaurin of Glendroum (Glasdrum) 1779 CAT pg.429, B ____  D. 1775-1779 Cared for brother Duncan’s son in Scotland after Duncan’s 1775 emigration.

Aabe Christian McLaurin B ____  D _____

Aabf Dugald McLaurin B ____  D _____

Aabg Hugh McLaurin B ____  D _____ , X-046 Hugh M’Laurin Sr. 1790 Richmond Census, Glenure Culloden STN

Hugh M’Laurin Jr. Aabga/G per Q 35 pg. 16, B app.1745 D 1817 Appin to Richmond Co, NC, M _____ _____ July 1792 Richmond Co., Road Order/1790 Census

Aac Eun/Hugh McClaurine in Aa TST 1694, B_____ D_____ 

Aad Duncan McClaurine IN Aa TST 1694, B_____ D_____, Tenant Blar-nan-laogh, 1715 Rentals 

Aae/F Dr. Lachlain McLaurine, B. 1685 D. 1759 TST 1759; mentioned in TST 1694, m.Isabella Cameron Doctor from Glenouroch 1746 Stonefield and Saltoun Appin then Maryburgh. John Cameron of Fassfern Cautioneer. Isabella Cameron daughter of Archibald Cameron of Dungallon son of Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel.

Lachlain’s 1st cousin is Colin Campbell of Glenure, a younger son of Barcaldine, and of Lucia, daughter of Sir Ewan Cameron of Lochiel,was the victim in the celebrated Appin murder by gunshot in the wood of Lettermore, in May 1752, Physician to Cameron of Erracht and other Camerons.

Fa John McLaurin, b about 1710, d.     , names in a Gaelic book in SHC, Laurinburg, NC.

Fb Duncan McLaurin, m. Catherine Rankin, Glencoe

Fba Hugh M’Laurin of Slate Quarry, Ballachulish,  b. 1751 Appin d. Jan. 12, 1846 age 95, 1790 Richmond Co, NC m. Catherine Calhoun

Fbd Catherine “of Glasgow” McLaurin,  b. 1754 d. 1841 Mississippi

m. Duncan McLaurin Dd

three others

Fc/HL Euan McLaurin, b about 1710 D. 1782 Charleston, SC, Quarterly Vol. 3, Number 10 June 1971, CAT pg. 447 

Fd Allan McLaurin, b about 1710 eldest son and closest next of kin in Lauchlan’s 1759 Testament.

Copyright HIlton McLaurin 2022

Wednesday, January 19, 2022

Lorn de Ardebethy also known as Laurin of Ardveich, of the Ragman Rolls 1296

We now know from recent Scottish scholarship, that the two accounts of McLarens in Balquhidder prior to 1512 were not McLarens at all.

Abbot Labhran of Achtow (clan MacLaren’s eponymous ancestor according to Margaret MacLaren, pg. 15 in “The MacLarens”) found in MS:1467 never existed, according to research by Ronnie and Mairi Black on MS:1467, turns out he was a west coast of Scotland MacLaverty.

Lorn de Ardebechey alias Laurin de Ardveich, who first appears in the 1834 Edition of  “Instrumenta publica sive processus super fidelitatibus et homagiis Scotorum” edited by Thomas Thomson, Esq., Advocate, President of the Bannatyne Club (1768 - 1852), a translation of the Ragman Rolls from 1296.

Before going further, please keep in mind that Thomson’s “Lorn” (Latharna in Gaidhlig), is a completely different name from “Laurin” (Labhrainn in Gaidhlig). There is no record extant of anyone with the surname McLaurin or McLaren using McLorn. There are many McLaurin and McLaren especially in Argyll whose surname was also spelled McLeran or McLearen, even in 19th century North Carolina, but none using McLorn.

In the very first Clan MacLaurin history written by James Logan in 1845, which was a pay to play vanity history of the Clan MacLaurin commissioned by Daniel MacLaurin a wealthy London attorney, who later became “Daniel MacLaurin of Auchleskine” as a result of Logan’s version of McLaren history.

Logan wrote the following, transposing Lorn to Laurin, one of many errors in the McLaren history

“In the Roll of submission to Edward I. of England, which so many of the nobles of Scotland were compelled to sign, 1296, we find Maurice of Tiree, Conan of Balquhidder, and Laurin of Ardveche, in Strathearn, who are presumed by competent authority to have been cadets of the Earl of Strathearn.” James Logan, 1845

After King George IV’s visit to Scotland in 1822, it was very important in the following decades to establish ones noble ancestry. Logan’s presumed competent authority is unknown since he did not share his sources. Logan’s history, is where the Balquhidder McLaren narrative that they are the cadets of the Earl of Strathearn began.

After Logan’s Clan MacLaurin history was published in “McIan’s Costumes of the Clans of Scotland” in 1845, the Laurin of Ardveche narrative was repeated so often by later historians and people in high places that it eventually became a fact:

“The Clans of the Highlands of Scotland” by Thomas Smibert in 1850,
“The Scottish Nation” by William Anderson in 1867,
“The Stewarts of Appin” by J.H.J. and D. Stewart in 1880,
“The Tartans of the Clans and Septs of Scotland” by W. & A.K. Johnston LTD. in 1906,
“The Highland clans of Scotland; their history and traditions” Vol. II by G. Eyre Todd in 1923,
“The MacLarens” by Margaret MacLaren in 1960
 “The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland” by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, Lord Lyon King of Arms in 1964,
“The Scottish Tartans Book” by William Semple in 1966,
“The Clans Septs & Regiments of the Scottish Highlands” by Frank Adams in 1970.

The following is an excerpt of a “McIan’s Costumes” book review from 1899 describing Logan’s clan histories. It is fascinating to me that the author predicted the future when Donald MacLaren a wealthy industrialist from London, England became chief of Clan MacLaren in Balquhidder and Strathearn.

“Since 1845 very much has been done to render a good deal of the text somewhat antiquated. Many clans are chief-less now, and the wealthy alien often, too often, reigns in their stead.” The Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. London, 21, October 1899 Pg.526

Thankfully Scottish universities have answered the call to correct Logan’s errors, one is in the form of “The sigillography of the Ragman Roll” by Bruce A. McAndrew. [ ]

The seals, originally attached to the deeds recording the fealties of the Scottish nobility to Edward I of England in1296, and described in Volume II, Appendix III of Bain's Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, have been analysed using computer database techniques, and correlated with their owners on the notarially attested enrolments of the original deeds. The number identified has been more than doubled to approximately 600. The pattern of seal appendage closely follows the 'homage groups' of the enrolments: seals associated with some groups are almost entirely present, while those associated with others are completely lost, especially in the latter sections of the enrolment. Heraldic seals have been correlated with coats of arms found in early rolls of arms wherever possible. 

McAndrew’s entry number for Thomas Thomson’s Lorn de Ardebethy is #1256 describing the sigillograph (heraldic wax seal) as a possible Oak Tree?, definitely not the Earl of Strathearn Chevrons Gules.

McAndrew’s then writes S’… ANDEAS ROBERV… Lorn de Ardbethey per legend possibly reads …V…NDE…BER…” Homager is properly Orm de Abernethy?, so it is not a definitive Homager assignment.

“For a very long time, U and V were allographs. What’s an allograph? An allograph is a variation of a letter in another context. Uppercase and lowercase letters are allographs. Before the use of the letter U, the shape V stood for both the vowel U and the consonant V.”

“This item in the calender begins with Adam de Hepe (RR465) and covers Ragman Roll homagers between RR465 - RR564. It contains 90 seals, mostly in green wax, suspended by 19 strings. PRO reference E39/99/1.The string divisions are now included.” Bruce McAndrew


When I asked Ronnie Black his opinion on whether McAndrew’s interpretation had merit he wrote the following which describes the huge differences between Abernethy and Ardveich.
“Abernethy was certainly a significant power centre in the middle ages, in a way that neither of the Ardveichs was. I’m afraid that between this and the 1467 MS, the MacLarens have been victims of more than one doubtful reading.” Ronnie Black 26/3/2016

“Abernethy is an extremely potent name in Scottish history. In ancient times it was the religious centre for the Southern Picts and later their political capital and home of their king.” Destinations UK

Abernethy is the location of several important historical locations including Abernethy Tower, Scone Palace, The Royal Palace of Falkland and Huntington Castle. As opposed to Ardveich, a small farm on the northern shore of Loch Earn of no political importance.

“Instrumenta publica sive processus super fidelitatibus et homagiis Scotorum”
“McIan’s Costumes of the Clans of Scotland”
The Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. London, 21, October 1899 Pg.526
“The sigillography of the Ragman Roll” by Bruce A. McAndrew
Bain's Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, Volume II, Appendix III of
Dr. D. C. McWhannell

Hilton McLaurin


Dr. D.C. McWhannell kindly weighs in on the subject, removing without doubt that Maurice of Tiree was in Perthshire, not the Isle of Tiree, Argyll.

“Three names identified as belonging to the Clan MacLaren are found in the Ragman Rolls of 1296, giving allegiance to Edward I of England. These are Maurice of Tiree, Conan of Balquhidder and Laurin of Ardveche. Perhaps this is all fiction.

For Instance ref. Tiry, Morice de (del counte de Perth)  
Tyree of Drumkilbo, Perthshire
The present house incorporates the remains of a fortified tower dating from the 13th century. Indeed, the first recorded owner of Drumkilbo was King Robert the Bruce, who gave it to Morice de Tiry in about 1300. The Tyrees were the first confirmed inhabitants of Drumkilbo. On an old tombstone in Kirkinch (Nevay) Churchyard. they are described as ' 'honest men and brave fellows '. The chief of the clan joined Robert the Bruce in the Wars of Independence.

The Tyrees lived at Drumkilbo for 300 years. Sir Thomas Tyree was fond of horse racing. His horse, Kildaro, won the first silver cup raced for at Perth on Palm Sunday 1631. King Charles 1 wrote to him asking for a ' loan ' of his grey gelding. This was probably the famous Kildaro, and one wonders whether the horse was ever returned to Drumkilbo. 

Sir Thomas sold the estate to the Nairne family in 1650. They were descended from Michel de Narai, an Italian from Narni who came to Scotland as Italian ambassador during the reign of King Robert III. 

Alexander Nairne enlarged the House in 1811, but his descendant, David Nairne, who died in 1854, was the last of the Nairnes of Drumkilbo. The property was sold to Lord Wharncliffe in about 1851. 

In 1900, Drumkilbo was sold to Edward Cox of Cardean for his younger son, John Arthur Cox. The Cox family were the leading proprietors of the jute industry in Dundee. The property was then let for a time to Lord Glamis, the heir to the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne, whose seat is nearby Glamis Castle. 

Bithweder, Conan de (del counte de Perth) Conan and the 13th. Century landowners in the area of Balquhidder , Gaelic Both Chuidir, were; Conan, Gilchrist and Henry (Eanruig) of Balquhidder mentioned in time of Robert I (see Barrow, “The Bruce”).

Ardebechey, Lorn de (del counte de Perth) As you have pointed out Lorn, Loarn or Latharn is not Labhrann or Labhruinn and who were the 13th. Century landowners in the area of Glen Beich ?”

Ard-Bheathaich or “height of the birch woods ”. 

Dal-Bheathaich- “The field of the birch woods ” the lands of this part of Glen Beich were occupied by the Stewarts from about the middle of the 17th century on leasehold tenure ( wadset ) . These Stewarts were a branch of the well known Stewarts of Ardvorlich on the south side of the Loch. The old parish records show countless generations of Stewarts lived in the area but by the mid 19th century all was to change. The Perthshire clearances began both here and in Glen Quaich near Amulree . The people moved away having been thrown off their lands and the roofs of their cottages stripped and burned.

“there is no way of knowing who Lorn of Ardebethey's (Loarn of Ardbheathaich) father was. He was probably not a MacLaurin.” “MacLaren and the Ragman Rolls” review of the facts by Dr. D.C. McWhannell 8/1/2018, Copyright