Balquhidder McLarens

Approximate holdings of Sir William Stewart, son-in-law to Sir Colin Campbell 1st of Glenurchy ca. 1502


1484 Sir William Stewart, Royal Baillie of the Crown lands of Balquhidder

So now we turn to Malcolm’s very well-placed associate Sir William Stewart who was appointed Royal Baillie of the Crown lands of Balquhidder sometime between 1484 - 1488. William held the townships listed in the Exchequer Rolls of 1488 (listed below). In the Exchequer Rolls of 1502-1515, Sir William and his eldest son Walter, are confirmed as Crown tenants in the lands of Balquhidder, Estir and Westir Duchra and Blarbaith.


Including Innerlochlain. Inuerreoch. Monochilmoir. Monochill-dischrach. Cragraw. Laidereich. Invernenty. Monochlll-tarach. Morillgain. Dalnalngane. Lennach. Innertowin. Dalquhappagach. Cragyntulye. Cragintoar. Garochre. Gartnnfoir. Stronslany. Ardbeith. Glenogle, etc. Inneramble. Fasflair. Videnamble Gersplace. Daliamble. Quarteron. Latir. Auchanvy.


Malcolm McClere’s name is crossed out in Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle’s, charter to William Stewart, Bailie of Balquhidder, when he received the territory of Balquhidder, including Innerlochlain. Inuerreoch. Monochilmoir. Monochill-dischrach. Cragraw. Laidereich. Invernenty. Monochlll-tarach. Morillgain. Dalnalngane. Lennach. Innertowin. Dalquhappagach. Cragyntulye. Cragintoar. Garochre. Gartnnfoir. Stronslany. Ardbeith. Glenogle, etc. Inneramble. Fasflair. Videnamble Gersplace. Daliamble. Quarteron. Latir. Auchanvy.


Innerlochlnin Estir et Westir, inde pecunia ix 11. vj i. viij d. Inner`carnag, inde Pecunia 4iiij 11. Innerreocli, inde pecunia liij i. iiij â. Monochìlmnir, inde peeunia v 1i. Vj â. viij d. Monochilldishmch, indepecunin iiij ‘11. Cragraw, inde pecunia. iiij li. Laidereich, inde pecunia iiij li. Invernenty, inde pecunin ‘111. Monochilltamch, inde pecunia.x1 i. Moriligain, inde pecunia iij 11. vj i. d. Stronvair, indepecunin y] it. Dalnalagane, inde pecunia iiij It. Leanach, inde pecunia iiij 11. lnnertewin, inde pecunia iiij 11. Dalquhappagnch, inde pecunil iiij ‘11. Crngyntulye, inde pecunia xxvj i. iiij'd. -Cragintoim indepecunia xxvj ä. Viij a. Gnrochre, inde pecunia liij i. iiij d. Gartnal'oir, inde pecunia v 1i. vj i. Viij a. Stronislany. inde pecunia xl ì. Ardbeith, inde pecunin x li. Glcnogle et Achra, inde pecuniaI x 11. Innoramble, inde pccunia v 11. vj i. viij â. Fasflair, inde .Pecunia liij i. Iiij a. Videnamble, liij ii. iiij d. Gersplace de Daliamble, inde pecunia xxvj i. viij d. Daliamble, inde pecunin xiij ì. Iiij a. Quarteron, inde pecunin liij iiij (T. Latir, inde pecunia xl 3. Auclianvy, inde pccunia liij iiij a. Summa totnlis dominii de Buchquhiddir, jcxx l1. Que terre de Bowquhiddir, exceptìs viginti libratis que sunt in manibus Colini comitis de Argile et iiij"r marcatís terrarum de Innerlochlanis, assedantur Malcolm McClere et Willelmo Stewart pro terminis trium annorum post cxitum terminorum quos liabcnt adbuc futuros per literas domini regis, videlicet quatuor annorum quos habent futuros, per duas literas, quai-um una. continet assedacionem septvm annorum et est de data viij Januarii anno regni domini regis decimo quinto, et alia continet ussedncionem sex annoruni et est de data xvj Aprilìs anno regni regis undecimo, et sic habent in toto septem annos futuros, ut patet per literas domini regis desuper confectas, inde pecunia lxxxxiij li. vj i. viij d., grussuma lx 11. Molendinum de Amble, molendinum de Stronevar, molendinum de Kernage, molendinum de Ar~lbeith, assednntur dictis *aime-vt' Willelmo pro dictis terminis, inde pecunia, xx ì., et solcbnnt asscdari pro ix vitulis bene pastis. “The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland” pg. 566


William Stewart’s second wife was Marion Helen Campbell the daughter of Colin Campbell 1st of Glenorchy, the grand daughter of Sir John Stewart of Lorn who sired the Appin Stewarts. Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle is Colin Campbell 1st of Glenorchy’s nephew, so it ‘all in the family’.


Willam and Marion’s eldest son, Walter Stewart 3rd of Baldorran 2nd Hereditary Royal Bailie of Balquhidder, inherited his father’s lands and titles in 1500, with the support of the two powerful Campbell Chiefs, Argyle and Glenurchy, who ruled their ‘client kindreds’ in Perthshire and Argyle. By the mid-1600’s in Perthshire, the ‘feudal system’ preferred by the Crown was replacing the ‘clan system’ of the Campbells, whose dominance had waned.


William and Marion’s second son John Stewart, was given the lands of Glenbuckie in Balquhidder establishing the Stewarts of Glenbuckie. John Stewart 1st of Glenbuckie was born about 1487 in Baldorran, Scotland, he lived initially in Stronslaney, at the north end of Strathyre before acquiring the lands of Glenbuckie. John married a daughter of Patrick Buchanan of MacCarthe. Their descendants held the property of Glenbuckie for three centuries.


John and his Buchanan wife had two sons that became ‘of Glenbuckie,’ Patrick the 2nd then later his brother Duncan Stewart of Glenbuckie 3rd of Glenbuckie born about 1512.


Alexander Dubh (black) Stewart 4th of Glenbuckie, is mentioned in the following document as having participated in the 1568 murders of brothers, John and Hugh Stewart in Balquhidder, then gifting Alexander Stewart in Pittareg. Alexander Dubh Stewart was born about 1550, married an unknown Stewart second cousin, their eldest son Patrick Stewart was given the farm Ledcriech on the north shore of Loch Voil in Balquhidder, becoming Patrick Stewart 1st of Ledcreich who is also in the below 1586 Bond.


"Reg. Privy Seal. Vol.VI. No. 737. 8 Sept. 1569. Gift to Alexander Stewart in Pittareg of the escheat of numerous persons all from Balquhidder including Alexander Stewart in Gartnascrow and Andrew his son also Duncan Stewart his son, and Blak Alexander Stewart in Glenbuckie and Patrick his son, for the murder of Hugh and John Stewart, his brother, in the lands of Balquhider in December last". BBT


Alexander was cited a second time in 1586 for the murder of John M’olchallum in Comrie, Perthshire. Listed in the Genealogy as PCL-la - Johne M’Olchallum V’Laurane b. D.<28 April 1586, the first person listed in the 1559 M'Olchallum V'Laurane Balquhidder Bond, John’s name was erased in a Bond dated Dec. 19, 1581, so perhaps he was killed at about that time. 


“who and his forbears was kynd mynd and servants to the said Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay and his predecessors ;” Black Book Taymouth. 

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1512 Malcolm Maklawryn at Invernenty, Balquhidder.

 

Innernenty / Invernenty in Balquhidder


Malcolm Maklawryn the very first recorded McLaren in Balquhidder.


At Stirling, on the first of June in the 512th year [ie 1512]. Innernenty; £6 13s 4d, with the consent of William Stewart who had the same in fee-farm, is now assessed to the underwritten tenants just as is particularized above, that is to say,

To Donald Makyntyr, £5 for two marklands and a half, to be paid in respect thereof annually, with part of the marts,

To John Makyntyr, £5 for two marklands and a half, to be paid in respect thereof annually, with part of the marts,


To Gilbert Makyntyr, £5 for two marklands and a half, to be paid in respect thereof annually, with part of the marts,


To Duncan Makyntyr, 1s for one markland and a 40 shillings land, to be paid in respect thereof annually, with part of the marts,


And to Malcolm Maklawryn, 1s for one markland and a 40 shillings land, With this condition, that the rest of the tenants of the Lord of Buchquhiddir shall have licence to take timber for their necessities, without destruction [of the woodland], And for entry of a new infeudation £40, out of which sum £13 6s 8d is to be paid by the said tenants, and £26 13s 4d by the said William Stewart. (transcribed from Rotuli scaccarii Regum Scotorum Vol. VIII, Pg. 638) 


Malcolm Maklawryn settled at Invernenty [meaning - river mouth of the nettles] in Balquhidder in 1512 along with four MacIntire families. Argyll McLaurins and McIntires inhabited Glen Etive, the homeland of the McIntires is Glennoe on the south shore of Loch Etive. McLaurins and McIntires are also known to have been tenants at Cadderlie, Glen Etive. Duncan and Mary McLaurin from Cadderlie, emigrated to Laurel Hill, North Carolina after 1790.


It appears that Malcolm Maklawryn and Gilbert Makyntyr are paying a reduced rate for the woodlands which other tenants have the right to use without destruction. A forest conservation program in place by the Campbells. The Clann Dubhghaill Cheire MacGregour’s also lived at Invernenty and nearby Drumlich, the two families would intermarry frequently, but there were problems, the MacGregors attempted to displace Invernenty MacLaurins with violence and perhaps were successful in the 1550s. Resulting in the Coule Keir MacGregors required to sign a Bond of Calpes to Campbell of Glenurchy in 1559 as punishment.


Because of the Campbell of Glenorchy bonds, we have a fairly complete picture the nine McLaren families living in Balquhidder in 1558. The bond contains Malcum Maklawryn’s eldest living son Johne M'Olcallum V’Laurane listed first as head of the main family (a chieftain?). From the names listed we can see that Malcum Maklawryn had several deceased brothers in 1558, Patrick, Allen, Neil, Nicol, Dugald, Ewyn, Duncan, John and Gillecrist. V’Laurane is double genitive, son of son of.

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1533 Johannis McLauren, vicar of Balquhidder murdered by his nephews

Master Colin John Mac Laurin, vicar of Balquhidder was murdered by his two nephews and one of their sons, From Loch Tayside Nicholaii McKinreauch McLaure the leader along with his son Nigelli Nicholsone McLaure and Nicholaii’s first cousin Duncani Patersone McLaure who lived in Balquhidder. None of these three men are found in the later Clanlawren Bonds, so we can assume they were indeed ‘put to the horn’ outlawed, kill on sight.


"Et de xl li compositionis bonorum eschaetorum (JL-?a) Nicholaii McKinreauch McLaure (JL-?aa) Nigelli Nicholsone McLaure et suorum filiorum necnon (JL-bd) Duncani Patersone McLaure ad cornu regis existentium pro interfectione quondam (Jl-h) domini Johannis McLaure vicarii de Balquhiddir”

Pg 69 Accounts of the lord High Treasurer of Scotland by Sir James Balfour Paul


According to Margaret MacLaren the High Treasurer’s account also states “(And of xl pounds, the value of the forfeited possessions of Nichol McKinreauch McLaure, Nigel [Neil] Nicholsone McLaure, put to the Kin’s horn [outlawed] for the killing of the late Schir John McLaure, vicar of Balquhidder.”) but she does not cite her source. “The MacLarens” pg.46


"Item, remittit be the Kingis grace with quhilk I am a.d. 1533-4. chargit in my last comptis to James Chesholme of Classingall, the compositioun of the escheit of (JL-?a) Nycholl McIlreoch (Nicholaii McKinreauch McLaure) and utheris quhilkis slew the vicar of Bal- quhidder, extending to . . . xl li."

Pg. 207 Accounts of the lord High Treasurer of Scotland by Sir James Balfour Paul


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A different calendar year in 1559.

Before 1600, the Scottish calendar year ended on 26 March, so these two March bonds came after the November Argyll Transference to Glenurchy and the Alexander Mclaurane of Loch Tay Bond. The Gregorian calendar was adopted in Scotland on 1 January 1600.

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Nov. 9, 1559 Balquhidder M’Gregor Bond themselves and give Calps to Glenurchy

The Clann Dubhghaill Cheire MacGregours also lived at Invernenty and nearby Drumlich, the two families intermarried frequently, but there were problems, the MacGregors attempted to displace Invernenty McLaurins with violence and perhaps were successful in the 1550s, resulting in the Coule Keir MacGregors required to sign a Bond of Calpes to Campell of Glenurchy in 1559 as punishment.


Three days before the V’Laurane Bond the M'Coule Kair M'Gregor also in Balquhidder signed a Bond of their own to Colin Campbell of Glenurchy 


“Patrik M'Conachy VCouil M'Gregor in Inwirzelly( Inverzeldie)

Johne his brother germain (same parent),

Patrik M'Ane M'Gregour in Dalmarky (Dalmally?)

and Johne M'Ane his brother germain

and Malcum M'Coule Kair (Culqheir) M'Gregor

dwelling in Balquhidder (Innerlochlarig) bind themselves to render Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay faithful service on his expences when required ay and quhill the said Colyne and his airis stayk thame with sum rowmis or stedingis quhairby they may serue thame wpone thair awin expensis, and to give them their Calps. Dated before witnesses James Euthwen, John Menzes brother of Robert Menzes of Comry, William M'Neill V’Ewyn, Finlay MTnstalker and James Pringill 9 March 1559.

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March 11, 1559 Balquhidder V’Laurane bond themselves to Glenurchy


One of the witnesses is Malcolm M'Coule Keir, Clan Gregor Chief who had signed his own Bond with Colin Campbell two days earlier. Another witness is Gillefillane M’Laurane a Campbell of Glenurchy Servitor from Clanlaurane Loch Tay.


BOND OF MANRENT by Johne M'Olcallum V’Laurane, Laurane M'Olcallum his brother, Malcum elder and Malcum yongar M'Olcallum V’Lauranis brothers to the said Johne,


Johne M’Patrik V’Laurane, Neill and Johne M'Lauranis his brothers


Nycoll M'Allyne V’Laurane


Donald M'Neill V’Laurane


John M'Nycoll V’Laurane, Lauchlane M'Ane V’Nycoll, Malcum M'Ane VNycoll, Dugall his brother


Duncane M'Coule (Dougall) V’Lauran, Johne elder, Johne younger, Archibald, Robert, Walter, Donald and Malcum brothers to the said Duncane M'Coule V'Lauran 

  

Patrik M'Ewyn V’Laurane, Duncane his son


Patrik M'Conachy V’Laurane


Robert M'Ane V’Laurane


and Ewin M'Gillecrist V’Laurane

dwelling in Balquhidder to Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay.

Dated before these witnesses Alexander Stewart, William M'Neill V'Ewyn, Gillefillane M'Laurane [Servant of Fillan], John M'Gillespy V'Nab, Finlay M'Anevoill, Malcolm M'Coule Keir (M'Gregor, brother to John McCoul Chere, who is accused of murdering 18 Lauran householders 1558, acquitted in 1602), Malcolm M'Robert, Gillecrist M'Yntallnour Moir and Duncan M'Moreist V'Caus 11 March 1559. The Black Book of Taymouth


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1566 Clan MacIntyre Transfers Homage to Campbell of Glenurchy

A few years after the Breadalbane Clanlauren homage is transferred to Campbell of Glenorchy from the Earl of Argyle, the same thing occurs with Clantyre in Balquhidder.


Transference by Archibald Earl of Ergile to Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay of the manrent service and Calps due to him and his predecessors by the Clantyre in Balquhidder, and that because they dwelt near the said Colyne Campbell and he was therefore better able to protect them, the Earl promising the continuance of his protection to the said Clantyre so long as they remained obedient to the said Colyne Campbell. Signed at Perth 25th December 1566.

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1586 Alexander Stewart of Glenbuckie 

Bond of Manrent by Alester Stewart in Glenbokie in Buchquhidder,

Patrik, (Patrick Stewart, 1st of Ledcriech, son)

Duncane, (Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie, son)

Robert, (Robert Stewart of Broichie, son)

James, (James Stewart, son)

Johne, and (John Stewart of Voil, natural son)

Walter Stewartis his sons, (Walter Stewart, natural, illegitimate son)

James Stewart in Glenfinglas,

Johne,

Duncane and

Alester Stewartis his sons,

Walter Stewart in Balliefoyille and (natural, illegitimate son of Patrick Stewart, 2nd of Glenbuckie)

Robert Stewart his son, 

Johne Dow Stewart son to Patrik Stewart in Dallielaggane [Stewarts of Glenbuckie] to Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay and his heirs, and that because a certain number of them had upon suddantie slain Johne Makolchalluin Comrie (PCL-la) who and his forbears was kynd mynd and servants to the said Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay and his predecessors ; they, being maist willing to repair his honour, bind them severally, to give him and his heirs a free gift of the best audit at the time of their decease, which is called a Calp, besides that due to the Earls of Argyle, and to be true men and servants to him and his against all persons, the authority the Earls of Argyle and the masters of their mailings lands and steadings alone excepted, and to be ready to them in hosting and hunting when required, and to supply reasonable help, according to their power, in any honourable turn tending to the relief of lands or otherwise for the honour of the said Duncane Campbell's house and furtherance of the same :

Evin Dow Campbell of the Likkis

Johne Roy Makinstalker in Cranduycht (Crannich) (Campbell of Glenurchy Sevitor who is found as a witness in several Bonds of Manrent)

Archebald Campbell fiar of Monze

James Campbell apparent of Laweris

Johne Hendrysone

Donald Makrobert (VcLaurent) in Candroquhat (Kindrochit, Ardtalnaig, Loch Tay)

Johne Makindewer in Portbane (listed in Clanlawren 1573 Bond to Campbell of Glenurchy, witness M’Dougall Bond 1581)

Patrik M'Robert V'Laurent in the Port at the east end of Locherne (PCL-lfa -1606 Bond, father Robert 1559 Bond)

Donald Maklaurene in Dalbeyich (PCL-d - the first mention of McLarens at Dalveich on the north shore of Loch Earn)

and

Finlay Makneill V'Laurent in Auchaliskin in Balquhidder (PCL-bba - son of Neill in 1559 Balquhidder Bond) witnesses.

At Illanrane 28 April 1586. The Black Book of Taymouth

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1587 Bond by Laurent M”Lauren to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy

Patrick Glass in Creif obliges him to pay to Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay the sum of ten merks Scots money [yearly] during his life, because the said Duncane Campbell promised him his protection; Johne Elder burgess of Perth, Colene Campbell son to the Laird of Laweris, Laurent M'Laurent son to Laurent M'Laurent 24:2 Bands in Craigruy in Buchquhedir, and Walter Lindesay servant to the said Duncane Campbell witnesses. At Perth 20 October 1587.

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1593 Bond by Balquhidder Stewarts, Macintyres and Macgregors

1593 8 January Stewarts, Macintyres and Macgregors men of Balquhidder to Archibald 7th s. Argyll bond of manrant in general terms; includes promise to give good will and gifts to Argyll in the season of the year when he is accustomed to reside in the lowlands; also promise not to attempt to extend their possessions without Argyll's or his heirs' consent; given for Argyll's maintenance and protection; contract to be registered in the Books of Council and the sheriff books of Argyll. Argyll MSS. in paper folder labelled '16th century’

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1606 the M’Olcallum V’Laurane sign their last bond to Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy recognizing him as Chief

The descendants of Malcolm Maklawryn from 1512 sign the last known Bond by Balquhidder V’Laurene families, verified by Malcolme M’Robert and Patrick M’Couill (M’Dougall).


Malcome M'Robert in Craig in Ardtollony (Ardtalnaig, Loch Tay) and Patrik M'Couill in Derrie in Buchquedir, each of them aged ninety five years, declare that the deceased

James M'Olchallum V'Laurent in Bomuk, 

Johne M'Olchallum V'Laurent there, (1559 bond, murdered 1586)

Patrik M'Olchallum V'Laurent in Careglen (Carroglen, Cregan 1613), and

Robert M'Olchallum V'Laurent in Kingart, (Murdered see Pitcairn 1613 trial, burning of Ardveich, Strathearn)

disponed to the last deceased Colene Campbell of Glenurquhay and his heirs their Manrents and Calps; and therefore

Patrik M'Robert V'Laurent in the Port at the east end of Locherne,

James M'Laurent in Laggan son to the said deceased Johne M'Olchallum,

And Thomas M'Laurent in Carnelea in Buchquhedir,

grandsons, sons, and nephews to the persons abovewritten, ratify the said bond, and of new give their bonds of  Manrent and Calps to Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay knight and his heirs ;

Johne M'Carlich in Finlarg, (Craignish Campbell), Molchallum M'Robert in Craig, Donald M'Ean Duy in Derreyne,

Paule M’Clerich, Gavine Hammiltoun notary, Paule M'Clerich in Edinkip witnesses. At Finlarg 28 December 1606. Black Book of Taymouth pg. 137

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1613 Theft - Slaughter - Fire=raising - Oppression, & c.

Six McCoule Keir MacGregors, the same MacGregor sept as Rob Roy MacGregor, who lived in upper Balquhidder raided down the glen into Strathearn. The sley Patrik Dow McNab, Donald Campbell Og along with seventeen others persons including Allane McDougall. That Neill M’Veyane was killed with his own knife by Allajler Cafe M’Gregour. That Johne Dow Mccondochie V’ayne was with them and acquired stolen property, the livestock of Walter Sterling of Ballgan in the parish of Campsie.


That they then burned Ardveich (Strathearn) and slaughtered Johnne McGillip, Lord Tulibardine’s fiddler. And while there another seven men were slain, three children burned and there goods and livestock stolen.They stole a mare from Robert Mclaren [probably Robert M'Olchallum V'Laurent in Kingart in the (1606 Bond)], along with two others from McInnerich, in Cregan. They then broke into a mans house in Kynnaldie, where they tied his hands and stole all of his household goods. They then stole a cow from Donald Mcconeill V’ayne, Neil Stewarts lands the son of Johnne Stewart. They were tried, found guilty and hung by the neck until dead.


“Jun. 22. Duncane M’Patrick M'Gregour, Allafter Cafe [short-tempered] Mcgregour, Johnne Dow Mccondochie Vayne McRobert, Patrik Roy Mccoulecheir, Ewin Crowbache [deformed]Mgregour, Johnne Mcneill Corroche [hasty]

Dilaitit of airt and pairt of dyuerfe pointis of Thift, Slauchter, Burning, and Oppreffioun following, viz.


THE faid Duncane Mcpatrick M'gregour, ffor being in cumpanie with Gregour Mccondochie Glen, at the burning of the Caftell of Achallader and landis of Glenlocha: And ffor being at the ffeild of Benvek [Bentoik], quhair vmqle Patrik Dow Mcnab, Donald Campbell Oig, fone to Johnne Campbell, and dyuerfe vtheris, to the number of fevintene (seventeen) perfones, war flane: And ffor airt and pairt of the flauchter of vmqle Allane Mcdougall, fervand to the Laird of Mccoule (MacDougal)


74THE faid Allajler Cafe M'gregour, ffor the crewall flauchter of vmqle Neill MVeyane, chopman, be ftrekinghim in the bellie with his awin knyfe, quhairof he deit:


ITEM, ffor cowmone foirning, thift, and oppreffioun.


THE faid Johne Dow Mccondochie Vayne, ffor being at the ffeild of Glenfynles, and of airt and pairt of the heirfchip [booty],reft and tane  away af the Landis, pertening to the Laird of Lufe and his tennentis:  


ITEM, ffor airt and pairt of the fteilling of certane ky and horfis, pertening to Walter Sterling of Ballagan, furth of the parochin of Campfie:


ITEM, ffor being in companie with the reft of the CLAN-GREGOUR at the Burning of Abervrchle (Ardveich Strathearn), and heirfchip brocht furth thairof: As alfo, ffor airt and pairt of the Slauchter of vmqle Johnne Mgillip, ane fidler, vnder my Lord of Tulliebairne: And for cowmoun Thift and foirning [taking free quarters by force. The faid Patrik Roy Mccoule-chelr, ffor being in companie with Duncaiie Mcewin M'gregour, callit The TUTOUR [of Glenstrae], at the Burning of Abervrchle [Ardveich, Strathearn], quhair fevin men war flane, thre bairnes war brunt, tuentie ky and oxin war ftowin, reft, and away-tane: And for Cowmone-thift, Soirning, and Oppreflioun.


THE faid JEwin Crowbach M'gregour, ffor airt and pairt of the fleilling of ane meir [mare] fra Robert Mclaren : And ffor airt and pairt of the fteilling of tua horfis fra McInnerich, in Cregan: And for breking of ane puir mannis hous in Kynnaldie, taking of the faid puir man and binding vp his eyne, and fteilling and awaytaking of the haill inficht pleniffing of the faid hous : And for fteilling of ane kow fra Donald Mcconeill Vayne, furth of Johnne Stewart Neilfones landis.


THE faid Neill Corroche, ffor being in companie with the faid  Duncane Mcewin Mgregour, callit the Tutour, at the Burning of Abervrchle, and flauchter and heirfchip aboue writtin, committit be thame: And ffor aflifting and taking pairt with the rebellis and fugitiues, that tuik in the He callit Ileand-Vernache ; and in taking in to the faid He of aucht fcoir ky and oxin, auchtene fcoir fcheip and gait, ftowin, reft, and away-tane fra the Inhabitantis of the cuntrie about : And ficlyk, ffor airt and pairt of the fteilling of ffyve ky fra James Chifliolme,  Dondrwne: And for cowmone Thift, Soirning, and Oppreffioun.


War all fax put to the knawlege of ane Aflyfe of the perfones vnderwritten.


ASSISSA: Mr James Kirk, fervand to my Lord of Argyle, Johnne Buntene of Ardoche, Allafter McRannald of Gargowoche, Johnne Stewart Neilfoun of Graniche, Patrick Colquhoun of Trafeill, Allafter Colquhoun VcJames in Calvin, George Stewart of Downe-Machreif, Jobnne Makfarlane of that Ilk, Robert Alexander, notter in Drymmene, Johnne Stewart of Pitfowrie, Dauid Drummond, callit the Chalmerlane,  Patrik Stewart of Balliachan, Johnne Buchannane, fervand to my Lord of Madertie, Alex Schaw of Cambufmoir, David Chirnefyde of Poffo

VERDICT: The Aflyfe, be the mouth of the faid Johnne Mcfarlen of that Ilk, chanceller, ffand, pronuncet, and declairit the faidis fax perfones vpone pannell, be reflbne of thair awin Confeffiones, maid in prefens of the maift pairt of the laid Aflyfe, to be ffylet and convict of the haill crymes aboue reherfit.


SENTENCE. To be tane to the  Burrow-Mure of Edinburgh, and thair to be hangit vpone the cowmoun gibbit, quhill thay be deid: And all thair moveabill guidis to be efcheit and inbrocht to oure fouerane lordis vfe, as culpable and convict of the faidis crymes.” Ancient criminal trials in Scotland, Pitcairn, Robert, Vol. 3 part 1 

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1613 and 1614 Balquhidder McLarens and everyone else are in trouble for resetting and supplying MacGregors


In the passage below Dr. Martin MacGregor describes how the Balquhidder MacIntyres hosted the outlawed Clan Gregor. Below that is a list of McLarens and a few others in Strathearn among hundreds of others Buchanans, Stewarts, Drummonds, M’Nicolls on and on, that helped MacGregors



 “The third major factor which shaped the feud [MacGregor vs Campbell] was the material assistance available to the MacGregors throughout, especially in Perthshire, the Lennox and Argyll. Reset hampered the pursuing forces severely, while the scale of its provision by all levels of society regardless of the potential dangers makes it clear that, whatever other motives may have been involved, sympathy was certainly one of them. This was especially evident following Griogair Ruadh's death, when the MacGregors were said to have been well-received and well-treated by the Macintyres whenever they resorted to Balquhidder, and when the MacFarlanes and others in the Lennox, and the men of Argyll, were prepared to disobey their respective earls in order to shelter and assist them. (Martin MacGregor)


“The Lordis of Secrite Counsale, haveing directit ane nombir of Ogentilmen of his Majesteis Guaird to apprehend the personis denuncitrebellis and put to the horne for not payment of thair pairtis of the first termes payment of the taxatioun grantit to his Heynes in the moneth of October j"vj° twelf yeiris, willis, commandis and ordanis the provestis and bailleis of all burrowis within this kingdome to quhilk the saidis gentilmen of the Gaird sall have occasioun to come with the saidis rebellis that thay ressave thame out of thair handis, put thame in suir waird, keip and detene thame thairintill upoun thair awne expensis ay and quhill thay be fred of the horning execute aganis thame for not payment of thair said taxatioun, as the saidis provestis and bailleis will answer to the contrarie at thair uttirmost chairge and perrell.” Clerk of Register; Advocate. #Nov.- - - - - - Fol. 94, b.


Forsamekle as the ressettis and supplie which the infamous thevis and Fol. 96, a. lymmairis of the Clangregour had in diverse pairtis of the cuntrey—[preamble continued as in previous similar Acts, at p. 51, p. 101, p. 119, p. 143, p. 148.] According quhairunto the commissionaris within the schirefdome of Dumbertane and Stewartry of Strathearne in the courtis of tryall haldin be thame within the tolbuith of Dunbertane at the place of Fordie and kirk of Creiff respective upoun the auchtene, nynetene, xx, xxj, xxij, xxiij, xxiiij, xxv, xxvi, xxvij, and xxviij dayis of Februair, the yeir of God j"vj° and twelf yeiris, did call and convene, &c. [preamble continued as in previous similar Acts]—thairfoir the saidis Lordishes decernit, adjudgeit, and fynit the personis particularlie undirwrittin, and everie one of thame, in the sowmes of money following, viz.:-Patrik Colquhoun of Inchvanok, in the soume of twenty pundis; Bartilmo Foster in Aber, in the


JAMES VI

Acta Oct.1612–Nov.1614.


Donald M'Phatrik in Derie, in the soume of ane hundreth pundis; Duncane M“Patrik, thair, in the soume of ten pundis ; Duncane M'Rorie in Arbeth (Ardveich), in the soume of fyftie merkis; Laurence M'Rorie, thair, in the soume of fourty merkis; Johnne M'Laren in Glenbeth (Glenveich), in the soume of twa hundreth merkis; Malcome Dow M'Rorie, thair, in the soume of f, thair, in the soume of ten pundis; Robert M'Ean W'Laren, thair, in the soume of twenty merkis; Alexander Stewart of Ardvolrig (Ardvorlich), in the soume of fyve hundreth merkis; James Stewart Williamsoun, in the soume of ane hundreth merkis; Johnne M'Laran, in Ardclossan, in the soume of ane hundreth pundis; Laurance M'Laran, his sone, thair, in the soume of fourty pundis; Johnne M'Blaran (?), thair, in the soume of twenty pundis; And ordanis letteris &c. [concluding charge for payment of the fines as in former similar Acts].ºu. Commission under the Signet, signed by the Chancellor, Binning, Johne #March, Fol. 97, a.

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1649 A second Decree against Clan Gregor men dated includes four Strathyre McLarens

“Robert M'Clairen in Corriechrombie [111], John McPatrik in Anie [112], Archibald McLaran [113]  his brother there, John Dow McRobert McCleran [114] in Stank, out of one-hundred-forty-seven mostly MacGregors including Chiefs, Tutors etc. from a wide area, basically a later proscription against the Clan than that in 1602. “History of The Clan Gregor Vol. I, Amelia Georgiana Murray MacGregor of MacGregor, 1898 


"Anent the Precept issued foorth from the Estates of Parliament Against the persones underwritten Makand Mentioun That the Estates of Parliament taking into their consideration that the peace and quiet of the Kingdom this tyme bypast had beene much disquieted and disturbed, and manie thiftes, murthers, wronges, oppressions, burnings and depredations have been done and committed by the rebelious insolencies, outbreakings, ryseing in armes and wicked practises of Highlanders, Islesmen and uther disaffected persones in the Kingdome And Lykewayes considering the laudable course formerly sett doune and prescryved in diverse actes of Parlia' maid anent the quieting of disorderlie subjects in the Highlands and elsewhere;” from the " Chartulary " :— " 1649. August 28th, at Perth.

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1715

April 25, Stewart of Innernytie, Commander Grantully's was with Lord George Murray in Fife, they were not at Sheriffmuir.

Nov. 28, Mr John Douglas wrote that Duncan(Donald) McLaren the Graces Piper from Balquhidder was a prisoner in the Castle, taken at the Citadel and that he asked to be released

May 21, Prisoners who were marched from the prisons of Blackness and Stirling to Carlisle in September. Donald McLaren, Balquhidder?, Duncan McLaren - alias MacGregor - his Graces's Piper, Balquhidder. 

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1716

May 7, John McLaren of East Haugh witnesses a letter congratulating His Grace on the marriage of Lady Susan to Lord Haddo onApril 25, 1716. John is one of about forty important men at Milntown of Fincastle that day.

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1719

Sept. 23, Donald McLaren indicted and to be tried at Logyrate Oct. 8, 1719. Apparently one black cow, 4 brown cows and 1 black calf were stolen from him. Witnesses Donald McLaren in Craigtown, Patrick McLaren in Dunday (the prisoners). Assyers, John McLaren of East Haugh

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1739 Patrick Stewart, 5th of Ledcreich to Cape Fear, North Carolina

“The succession of Stewarts of Ledcreich continued to hold assignment to these lands until 1739 when Patrick Stewart, 5th of Ledcreich and his wife, Elizabeth Menzies, immigrated from Ledcreich to Cape Fear, in the North Carolina Colony along with approximately 300 fellow Highlanders. They were the vanguard of what began as a trickle and grew into a flood of Highland emigrants to what was then Bladen County, North Carolina, later to be divided into Cumberland, Moore, Robeson, Harnett and Hoke Counties. The colonists sailed from Scotland in June 1739. On 6 June, the customs office of Campbeltown, Argyll, cleared the "Thistle" of passengers for "Cape Fear in America." From Campbeltown, she sailed to Gigha to take on additional passengers and join the "Charming Molly" (ship), cleared at Belfast also to carry part of the colony.”


Patrick Stuart, 5th Laird of Ledcreich, was a staunch supporter of Prince Charles Edward, and when the Prince failed to establish himself on the throne of England and was banished, the Laird of Ledcreich became disaffected, and, finding life in Scotland a burden, sold his estates to a younger brother and, with his wife and several children and his brother William,* left Scotland forever, and sailed for Cape Fear, N. C, in 1739. They landed at Wilmington, and first resided at Brown's Marsh, Bladen county, N. C, and about 1766-67 Patrick removed to near Cheraws, S. C, where he died about 1772.


“The Stewarts of Cape Fear, North Carolina”

As previously stated, the earliest families named Stewart who settled in the flat watershed of the Cape Fear river of North Carolina were Highlanders from Argyleshire and western Perthshire.


"Patrick Stewart sold his lands of Ledcreich in Balquhidder to John Stewart, a younger son of John Stewart of Aucharn in Argyleshire, and sailed with his wife and young children for American in 1739. He and John k [McLauren] bought Oct. 31, 1739, of Ann Shirley two tracts of land of 300 acres each in Bladen County, North Carolina.  Later, on May 21, 1741, he was granted a patent to 600 acres of land on Maple branch, in the same county.

He, "of New Hanover county," sold to John McLauren [J-aa - John McLerran “J” and “K” Families] on June 16, 1747, his half of the 600-acre tract which together they had bought of Ann Shirley in 1739.

On Sep. 29, 1750, Patrick was granted 200 acres on John Young's path between Six Runs and Goshen swamp in Sampson [then in Duplin] County.  He sold this place to Peter Smith for 20 pounds on Feb. 23, 1754.  At that time he was residing on the place, for the deed said that he was "of Duplin County."  He evidently moved to Bladen County within the next twelve years, for on Dec. 19, 1766, Pat. Stuart++ and Peter Broades signed as witnesses to a deed from Joseph Clarke to James Stewart of Bladen County, conveying… ” Written by George Thomas Edson and originally published in various issues of Stewart Clan Magazine from 1927 to 1957


I. Patrick Stuart. "At the commencement of the Revolutionary War he received an appointment of captain of the Minute Men of North Carolina, and fought at Moore Creek Bridge, above Wilmington, against the Tories under McLeod and McDonald. He d. before the close of the war."

VIII. Charles Stuart, m. Catherine Knowlton, of Wilmington, N. C.”  pg. 441 The American Historical Register, 1895


The Primary source for the McLaren clan chief’s ‘duchthus’ at Auchleskine, came from Patrick Stewart in South Carolina in the year 1763.


Patrick Stewart dictated his lineage to his son, Charles Stewart on January 18, 1763, it states that his paternal ancestor Duncan Stewart, 3rd of Glenbuckie married the daughter of an Auchleskine McLaren, the chief of the clan McLaren, circa 1512-1540. This information from Patrick Stewart was mailed to George Crawford in Scotland, then published in George Crawford’s “History of Renfrew” and genealogy of the Stuarts in 1782. 


Auchleskine, Akleskin, Achadh le sgiathan = "field of the wing / portion". Sgiath also means "shield" and thus may result in "shielded / sheltered field".


Patrick dictated his personal lineage in South Carolina, with the view to correct the errors made by Crawford in his 1710 lineage of the Stuarts. 

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Some Stories of Colonial Families, Stuart of South Carolina

“The following genealogy was written by Charles, son of Patrick, Stuart and under his immediate direction, with a view of correcting some errors which had been committed by Crawford in his history of the Stuart family. This history had been sent by Crawford to Patrick Stuart, then in America, and he, perceiving the error, wrote to have it corrected, but never received a later edition of the work, and for that reason had his own genealogy made out and placed in his large family Bible, where it remained until the death of Ann, daughter of James, Stuart, son of Patrick. The said Ann was married to Edward Tongee, of Cain Acre, S. C. Edward Tongee died without children, and Ann Stuart his wife, married a Gist, of Union county, in the same State, and died without issue. Upon request this ancient paper was sent to the writer of these sheets, the book from which it was taken remaining with the Gist family.” Morgan Brown.


Note. The writer knew Patrick Stuart and his writing, and has no doubt that the paper *sent to him was the original genealogy, and the proper signature of the said Patrick Stuart, whose pedigree it purports to be, and that it was made with his own hand.12th of March, 1826. Morgan Brown.


 

Patrick Stewart ex of Ledcriech, Balquhidder’s authentication  signature, 1826


 " 1st. Patrick Stuart, of Ledcreich, in Balgheider (Balquhidder), in the Southeast district of Perthshire, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter to Doctor Duncan Menzies, and his wife Margaret, daughter to Robert Menzies (cousin-german to Sir Robert Menzies, of Weem, and grandfather to the present Sir Robert and William Stuart, brother-german to the said Patrick), came in company with six Argyleshire gentlemen and above three hundred common people from Scotland, to Cape Fear, in North Carolina, in the year 1739.


"The said Patrick was oldest lawful son to Alexander Stuart, of Ledcreich, and Catharine his wife, daughter to Alexander Stuart, brother to Robert Stuart of Glenogle, predecessor of John Stuart, of Heindfield and Storrer.


" 2d. Alexander Stuart, of Ledcreich, was only son to Patrick Stuart, of Ledcreich (who suffered much in the reign of

the two kings Charles, and James the Seventh),* and to Margaret his wife, daughter to Robert B[uchanan], of Drumlain, cousin-german to the Laird of Lenny.


" 3d. Patrick was son to William Stuart, of Ledcreich and Translarry, by Mary his wife, daughter to Duncan MacGregor, cousin to Gregor MacGregor of that Ilk, which family is now extinct.


" 4th. William was son of Patrick Stuart, of Glenbucky, by his wife Christian, daughter to Sir John Drummond, of Niganer.


" 5th. Patrick was oldest lawful son to Alexander Stuart, of Glenbucky, by his wife Stuart, his own second cousin.

Note. This Patrick sold his right and title of Glenbucky to his next brother, Duncan Stuart, second son to the aforesaid Alexander Stuart, and his posterity enjoy the land and title at present.


"6th. Alexander was son to Duncan Stuart, of Glenbucky [born about 1630], by his wife McLarin, daughter to McLarin of Achleskin, reckoned then to be chief of that name. 


" 7th. Duncan was son to John Stuart, first of Glenbucky, by his wife Buchannan, daughter of Buchannan of McCorthe, predecessor to the Lairds of Ampion, Ochlevy, McCorthe and Dealettes.


" 8th. John, first of Glenbucky, was second son of William Stuart, of Baldowran and Balgutheddon, by his lady Campbell, daughter to Sir Colin Campbell, of Glenbucky [and Glenurchy], predecessor to the Earl of Bradalbine.


"9th. William was son to James Stuart, of Baldowran and Balgruidher, by his lady Buckhannon, daughter of Sir

Patrick Buckhannon of that Ilk.


" 10th. James-Beg, or Sir James-Beg, as he was promiscuously called, was fourth son to Lord James, only surviving son to Murdoch, Duke of Albany, by his lady, daughter of the Earl of Antrims."  Patrick Stuart, of Ledcreich, 1826.

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Balquhidder Stewarts in the Stewart of Appin Clan Regiment

Dugald Stewart of Appin learned second hand that there were men from Balquhidder in the Appin Regiment. That individual was Capt. John Glas Stewart of Benmore (of the family of Coll of Appin), described as "brother of Acharn and cousin and brother in law of Stewart of Ardsheal was a Captain in the Appin Regiment and fell at Culloden."  He is described in Stewarts of the South as "descended of the family of Ardsheil, the most respectable Branch of Appin Stewarts.  He was know by the name of Iain Glac (sic "Glas") mhac Iain mhic Alastair.  (John "The Grey", son of John, grandson of Alexander.)  [John] gathered his substance by cattle dealing, brewing whisky, and by other pieces of industry.  [He] purchased Benmore in Glendochard from Drummond of Perth.  [It was] formerly the property of Campbell of Coirchaorach of the same place, also Campbell of Licks [in] Killin parish." 

Capt. John Glas Stewart's paternal ancestry from the Stewarts of Appin is shown here in brief:

John Stewart, 4th of Appin

John Stewart, 1st of Ardsheal

Duncan Stewart, 2nd of Ardsheal

Alexander Stewart, Ancestor of the Stewarts of Coll

John Stewart of Coll

Capt. John Glas Stewart of Benmore.

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Perthshire McLarens in the Jacobite Army

ATHOLL BRIGADE

Captains

McLaren, Donald of East Invernenty

Lieutenants

Mclaren, Alexander, Ygr., of Easthaugh

Mclaren, Duncan, Brewer Wester Inverentie. Taken prisoner, Pardoned, Donald’s nephew

Mclaren, Orrott (Arratt) Uncle to Mclaren, Ygr., of Easthaugh

Other Ranks

Mclaren. Donald, Tenant, Dowally, River Tay. Wounded Culloden

Mclaren, Duncan, Perthshire, 3rd Batt.Taken prisoner, transported

Mclaren, James, Servant to Haugh of Killmorich

Mclaren, John, Cottar, Rotwell wounded at Culloden

Mclaren, Robert,  (Capt. Spalding’s Co. of  Whitefield)


DUKE OF PERTH'S REGIMENT

Other Ranks

Maclaren, Peter, Farmer, Tobain, Muthill. Died from an accidental explosion

Maclarin, Malcolm, (Taylors Coy.) also from Invernenty 

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1753 Mayhem

“At Ayr, James Maclaren, boatswain, James D' Ochirdy, cook, Alexander Campbell, Colin Lamont, James Fisher, Torquil Macneil, and John Macniven, sailors, all belonging to his Majesty's sloop the Prince of Wales, and Angus Macintosh officer of excise at Ayr, were tried for a riot and battery committed in the night-time upon some inhabitants of that town, particularly upon one Walker, whom they had almost killed with bruises, and cuts of sabers. The jury found all the people of the sloop, except Macneii, guilty, art and part, of the crimes libelled, and the boatswain and cook more guilty than the rest ; and found it proven, that Macintosh presented a pistol, and threatened to fire. Macneii was thereupon dismissed ; and, on advising the verdict, the Lords likewise assoilzied (acquitted) Macintosh, in regard his presenting the pistol, and threatening to fire, was only libelled as an aggravation of the principal riot, in which it did not appear he had any concern, nor did it appear what his intention was in so doing, whether to disperse the mob, or assist the sailors. The other six were fined conjunctly and severally in 5 1. Sterling, and adjudged to remain in prison till May 18. on which day the boatswain and cook are to be whipped through Ayr, accompanied by the other four, and afterwards all of them are to be recommitted till they pay the fine.” The Scots Magazine, April 1753 Proceedings of the Associate Synod Trials, &c. pp 203

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1788 East Haugh sold by Baron McLaren

January, The Duke, Captain George Murray, R.N. purchased the estate of East Haugh of Dalshain from Alexander McLaren, Baron McLaren for 2,000 pounds with a stipulation, however, that the outgoing laird should have a lease of the mansion-house and home-farm.

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Leckine Burial Ground, The actual McLaren Cemetery near Balquhidder 


 

Leckine burial ground layout of families


“The current owners of Earnknowe, Mr & Mrs Hopkins, who kindly gave permission and assistance with this article,  do not mind if interested parties wish to visit Leckine providing the burial ground is treated with respect and no disturbance is caused to residents of Earnknowe Holiday cottages.


The burial ground at Leckine is an ancient site that was the private cemetery of the local MacLarens, who have lived and farmed in and around the Loch Earn area for centuries. The farm of Ardveich lies to the E of Leckine, and was occupied by the MacLarens for around seven centuries, until the late 19t" century. The lands of Ardveich were fertile and profitable farmlands, encompassing much of the N side of Loch Earn, between what is now Lochearnhead and St Fillans. The burial ground is said to have been established when the body of a Clan Chief, who had died at Ardveich, was held up at Leckine by a storm, en-route to the burial ground at Killin. The chief was later buried at Leckine, and later clan members followed suit.


(There is no documentary evidence to support this, which came word-of-mouth from Miss Margaret McLaren who was the last member of the Clan McLaren to be buried at Leckine in 1993.)


Leckine Burial Ground is a private, walled burial ground for the MacLaren clan. The burial ground lies on the N side of Loch Earn, just to the E of Lochearnhead village, on the hillside above the shore of the loch. It is today surrounded by the settlement of Earnknowe, with the disused Lochearnhead to Crieff railway immediately to the N. There is documentary evidence of the existence of Leckine burial ground in the late 17t" century, whilst the date of the oldest identifiable stone today is 1773. The last MacLaren with the right to interment within the ground was buried here in 1993. Today the burial ground is preserved and maintained by the residents of Earnknowe. The burial ground is listed at category C(S) for its associations with one of the most prominent clans of the area, preserved in outstanding condition.


The burial ground is surrounded on all four sides by dry stane dyking, entered from the S side through a gateway formed by two tall, square plan, shaped rubble piers, which are probably mid 19th century. The wallhead of the S wall is level, and appears to have been repaired at the same time as the gateway was built. The walls to the sides and rear are in a poorer state of repair, and are less carefully coursed than the S wall, suggesting they may not have been repaired when the work to the S was carried out. In the wall to the W, a long wooden beam is built into the stonework, in roughly the same position as an old gate marked on the mid 19th century map of the burial ground. It is unclear what this beam was used for, were it to be a lintel it suggests dramatic changes in the ground levels. There are 13 standing gravestones, with numerous lying stones both marked and unmarked.


A document within the papers of the Earl of Breadalbane in the National Archives of Scotland is a letter to the Earl asking permission to repair the burial ground, which is described as having been, "constantly used for that purpose for 100 years back and upwards".

The letter is accompanied by a list of names raised amongst the MacLarens and other locals, pledging money to repair the burial ground with, "sufficient dyke of stone and six feet high, with (...... ) on top and pointed with lime on each side, and a neat sufficient gate with lock and key."


A map of the burial ground thought to date from the mid 1850s, also shows the subdivision of the ground between different strands of the Clan, and the names of some who were buried there.


Within the burial ground is the grave of Donald MacLaren, the banker, wool merchant and local businessman who formed the MacLaren High School and was one of the highest employers and most influential men in the area in the early 18`" century. The grave of a local builder, William Angus from Auchraw, is also found within the burial ground. Whilst not of the MacLaren Clan, Angus repaired walls enclosing the burial ground and built the present (gateway on the S wall, in exchange for a burial plot for himself when he died.” References: National Archives of Scotland, item ref:GD/112/11/2/5/64 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments), Memo for repairing dyke round burying ground at Leckin of Auchra near Lochearnhead; Clan MacLaren Society Booklet: The Last MacLarens in Ardveich, Dr A A MacLaren, 2004; Other information courtesy of Mr L Hopkins of Earnknowe.

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Fergusons in Auchleskine, Balquhidder

For several generations Auchleskine has been occupied by families of the name ; and the present tenant of the farm can trace his family's connection for over a century. From the Parish Baptismal Register it is seen that a John Fergusson and his wife Janet M'Laren in Auchleskine had, on 21st March 1745, a child baptized named Janet. In 1802 Duncan Fergusson and his wife Mary Stewart had a child baptized, on 2nd September, named Alexander. Mr. Patrick Fergusson, the present occupier of Auchleskine, gives the following as his descent:


I. Finlay Fergusson, married Catherine Dewar, held a house and croft at Tiofhness, in the east end of Strathyre, at the

time of Prince Charlie's Rebellion in 1745. Finlay was out with Prince Charlie, but took no active part in the Rebellion of 1745. When the king's soldiers came to Balquhidder in 1746 to look after the followers of Prince Charlie, Finlay was forced to go into hiding, and on the soldiers calling at the house to secure him he could not be found. His wife refused to tell them where he was, and on the soldiers beginning to abuse her she complained to their officer, Captain Campbell, that his men were treating her badly. The Captain inquiring if she had any armour belonging to Prince Charlie she answered in Gaelic, ' Cha 'n'eil Tarrigh,' ' no not a nail.' So he told his men to let the woman alone at once.


II. Patrick Fergusson, son of preceding, married Isabella M'Diarmid, held a lease of the farm of Stronier, now part of

Laggan Farm, near Strathyre, and came to Auchleskine in the year 1808.


Finlay's son Patrick (II.) obtained a lease of Auchleskine in 1808, from Sir John M'Gregor of Macgregor, Edinchip,

and was associated with his three sons, John, Duncan, and Peter. Finlay the eldest son was a schoolmaster in Edinburgh, and married. He had one son and two daughters. The son was named Patrick, after his grandfather, and was a veterinary surgeon in Peebles. The daughters were Margaret and Marion Alexander, the youngest son of Patrick F. II., was blacksmith in Balquhidder, and had his smithy at Auchleskine until he died. He was married and had a son Alexander, and a daughter Isabella. Christina, the youngest daughter of Patrick F. II., married Duncan M'Diarmid in Balquhidder.


Duncan F. (III.) was the first to start cheese-making on the Chedder principle in West Perthshire, being advised to do

so by John Lorne Stewart, Esq., the proprietor of Stronvar, before that estate passed into the possession of the late David Carnegie, Esq. He remembered, when a little boy, seeing one of Rob Roy's sons coming down from Innernenty [Invernenty] in the Braes of Balquhidder to see his father, Patrick, when he lived at Stronier about the year 1784 or the beginning of 1785. Records of the Clan and Name of Ferguson,”

Edited for The Clan Fergus(s)on Society by James Ferguson and Robert Menzies Ferguson, Edinburgh: David Douglas, 10 Castle Street, 1899

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